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Toolkit Presents State and Local Policy Solutions to Keep Food Waste Out of Landfills

The Harvard Law School Food Law and Policy Clinic, with support from the Center for EcoTechnology (CET), releases a toolkit on organic waste bans and their potential to reduce food waste and strengthen local economies.

(Cambridge, MA – July 15, 2019) Forty percent of food in the United States goes to waste–this amounts to $218 billion each year spent on food that is never eaten. The majority of this wasted food ends up in landfills, where it produces harmful greenhouse gases and contributes to states and localities running out of landfill capacity. Bans and Beyond: Designing and Implementing Organic Waste Bans and Mandatory Organics Recycling Laws, published by the Harvard Law School Food Law and Policy Clinic (FLPC) in partnership with the Center for EcoTechnology (CET), is a resource to advise states and localities looking to address food waste through policy.

Organic waste bans are as an innovative policy solution to divert food waste from landfills. These policies limit the amount of organic waste, including food waste, that businesses and individuals can dispose of in landfills. Organic waste bans thus drive more sustainable practices, such as food waste prevention, food donation, sending food scraps to animal feed operations, or sending food waste to composting or anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities. Just ten years ago, these policies were largely unheard of; today, six states and seven municipalities have passed organic waste bans.

“Food waste takes up space in landfills, contributes to climate change, and is a drain on the economy,” says Emily Broad Leib, Director of FLPC. “Organic waste bans are one of the best tools we have seen that states and localities can use to transform business practices and drive the development of food waste recycling infrastructure.”

Bans and Beyond provides the first in-depth analysis of all thirteen existing state and local organic waste bans policies. Drawing on these examples, the toolkit walks readers through factors to consider in pursuing similar policies in their own state or locality. The toolkit also explores nine other categories of policies and programs–such as permitting and zoning regulations for organics recycling facilities, grants to support food waste reduction projects, and policies to create markets for biogas and compost–that can enhance the impact of an organic waste ban or advance food waste reduction and diversion independently.

“Over the years, we’ve seen firsthand how waste bans and the other policies and programs discussed in the toolkit can drive innovation and significantly reduce wasted food,” says John Majercak, President of CET. “The resulting impact is a big win for communities, regional economies, and the environment.”

View the toolkit here.


The Harvard Law School Food Law and Policy Clinic (FLPC) serves partner organizations and communities by providing guidance on cutting-edge food system issues, while engaging law students in the practice of food law and policy. Specifically, FLPC focuses on increasing access to healthy foods, supporting sustainable production and regional food systems, and reducing waste of healthy, wholesome food. For more information, visit


The Center for EcoTechnology (CET) helps people and businesses save energy and reduce waste. CET acts as a catalyst to accelerate the development of a vibrant marketplace to divert wasted food from the commercial and institutional sectors. CET offers program design and implementation services, as well as information and advice, nationally. For more information visit